Instrumentation for geognostic investigation
Environmental monitoring systems are designed in order to acquire (continuously or periodically) a series of specific parameters for the main environmental matrices (air, water, soil, etc.). The acquisition of the environmental parameters selected will be managed in automatic mode by the system which provides for the sampling according to predefined intervals, for the storage on the memory and for the sending of the acquired data to a specific control and data acquisition centre. It is advisable that the monitoring is continuous in order to allow the system to send alarm messages in case of emergencies, due to the reaching or exceeding of certain pre-set alarm’s thresholds and in order to avoid events that could permanently damage the natural environment. The data analysis, in addition to reveal with objective data the quality of the environment that surrounds us, also allows a correct planning of both the infrastructural works (adequately assessing the environmental impact by monitoring before, during and after the construction), and of the prompt actions to be implemented in case of such significant abnormalities of the air-water-soil parameters (object of monitoring).