A good night’s sleep is essential for your health. For this reason it is important to choose a mattress that indulges both physical needs and sleeping habits. Together with the pillow and the bed base, the mattress is responsible to support your body in a neutral position, in which the spinal column can keep its natural curves and in which the parts of the body that sustain greater pressure (buttocks, ankles, shoulders and head) keep a correct alignment. The market offers mattresses that can satisfy whatever need. Search on Archiproducts the mattress that suits you!
The two most important factors when choosing a mattress are ergonomy and hygiene. To respect ergonomic principles, the ideal mattress should indulge body shape and sleeping habits, letting it adapt to the horizontal surface. The first parameter for a mattress is its rigidity which has to be set considering your body shape. If the mattress is too rigid it will put strain on the pressure areas and it will make the body take an incorrect position. In the same way, if the mattress is too soft it won’t support the pressure points as it should. More, a good mattress should stop bacteria and mite proliferation ensuring perfect hygienic conditions.
How to choose the right one? Spring mattresses are the most common ones. They support the body with springs of different types. Spring types, their number and the padding are the variables that determine the comfort level perception. Bonnell springs, for example, have an hourglass shape and they are arranged in rows connected to each other with a spiral wire. They offer a progressively intense support. LFK springs, lighter than Bonnell springs, are cylindrical and have a small diameter and so they are in greater number thus endowing the mattress with a greater adaptability to the body. Among the spring models, orthopedic mattresses are the bestsellers. They’re rigid and firm and for this reason they have been deviced to support correctly back and joints and so they are recommended for growing spinal columns. Even if the name is used improperly, in order to define a mattress orthopedic, it has to keep the spinal column aligned, reduce pressure on the surface, regulate body temperature and protect against allergens. Packed spring mattresses are an evolution of the classic spring ones. Each spring is enveloped by a cylinder of fabric and so each spring is totally indipendent from the others. Packed spring mattresses are more anatomical and elastic and they adapt more to body’s shape because each spring reacts to the pressure in that point without transmitting pressure to nearby springs. They are recommended in the king size version because different bodies produce different reactions from the springs. Don’t forget that the more the springs, the better the mattress reacts to the body.
How to understand if the mattress is good quality? In order to get a minimum level of comfort and support, a single bed mattress has to have at least 192 springs (384 for the king size mattress). For a good quality packed springs mattress the minimum number of springs is 400 for the single bed and 800 for the king size one. A good mattress has to be quite thick and the border has to be padded with reinforced high density foam. In the upper part, the mattresses have to be covered with additional layers like felt, latex or memory foam to enhance its comfort.
How to choose the padding? Woollen mattresses on the market are nowadays very different compared to the traditional ones and they always have a mixed padding to avoid wool problems. Since it’s breathable, thermoregulating, hygroscopic and water-repellent, the wool in the mattress develops heat that favors blood circulation and thermal exchange between the skin and the air and so it’s the best choice for those who suffer from rheumatisms. The drawback is that wool isn’t anti-allergic and it’s the ideal habitat for mites so it isn’t the best choice for people with allergies. For hygienic reasons, anti-allergic paddings have been developed, such as memory foam, expanded and water based polyurethane and latex.
Memory foam mattresses are becoming ever more popular. They’re made of layers of visco-elastic foam in different densities that respond to weight and temperature adapting to the shape of the body. Memory foam mattresses are breathable, soften movements and they don’t create pressure points, they favor blood circulation and they’re also anti-decubitus. One of the main drawbacks is that they give out heat during the night. A good solution is the double layer matress in which the winter side is made of memory foam and the summer side is made of latex.
There are also latex mattresses. Latex is a natural rubber which is obtained from the sap of the Hevea Brasiliensis. It’s popular because of its elasticity and resistance to deformation. It is used a lot because of its special molecular structure which allows for a remarkable stretching with no deformation. Besides its great adaptability to the body, latex is really breathable because of the making of the material which endows it with hygiene and anti-allergy properties. Latex, thanks to its microcell structure, represents a hostile environment for mites and so it’s the best choice for allergic people. Latex is also cool and really good in summer because it protects itself from bacteria, germs and mold proliferation.
Polyurethane mattresses are made of polymeric foams with different densities. Polyurethane foams used in mattresses are divided in three categories: supporting foams, semi-supporting foams and soft/elastic foams. The polyurethane mattress is hygienic, light, sturdy and comfortable. It can be chosen on the basis of its properties of density, resilience and compression. Density indicates the maximum weight the mattress can support; resilience indicates the elasticity of the foam and of the mattress as a whole; compression indicates the deformation grade that the foam reaches after undergoing compression. Expanded polyurethane mattresses can be defined as eco-friendly because they are devoid of toxic substances for people and for the environment, they are anti-allergic and fireproof.
From a hygiene point of view, anti-allergy memory foam mattresses are the best because they don’t have wool. Maintaing your mattress properly is essential for hygiene. Generally, changing the mattress and the pillows every 8/10 years is a good idea. You should also wash your bedsheets once a week at 60°C and keep temperature, humidity and ventilation in the room under control.
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