A pergola consists of a scaffolding generally placed to support climbing plants, consisting of two rows of vertical uprights joined at the top by horizontal elements, positioned at a height above the ground so as to allow passage. Pergolas are ideal outdoor furniture proposals to create shade areas on the terrace or in a corner of the garden. They are structures with a versatile design, made by experimenting with different materials, from classic wood to plastic, and responding to the various needs of space and use. The modern models guarantee a certain ease of assembly and it is possible to use this element to embellish an outdoor space with windows, grilles and flower boxes. Pergolas are installed to use terraces, balconies or gardens not only in summer, but also in winter. Usually they do not require building permits but, when they are covered in the upper part, they are subject to the rules imposed for the construction of the canopies.
Pergolas and arbours: materials, styles and types
An arbour is, in practice, a sort of canopy, but without the weight of a fixed and massive roof, open on each side, both outside and at the top. The outdoor pergolas in most cases do not have foundations, although it is possible to anchor the structure to the floor. There are no side closures: the cover, in fact, can be made up of climbing plants (or other types of vegetation) or removable sheets. You can choose between different types of pergola: from the leaning pergola - which provides a structure against the building - to a self-supporting one - with an autonomous structure and isolated from the building - there are many proposals to choose from. To use your outdoor space also in the evening, a pergola with integrated lighting will be perfect for enjoying the evenings in the open air. When it comes to materials, you can range from fabric to wood, from glass to metal. The traditional wooden pergola is one of the most popular models, together with the iron pergola that guarantees strength and durability. Fabric pergolas, on the other hand, are generally wind and rain resistant and feature a variety of materials ranging from canvas to acrylic to technical fabric. In most cases, pergola covers are fabric pitched tents, which can serve as covers for existing structures, as well as for pergolas and arbours.
A classic: the wooden pergola for outdoor furniture
A wooden pergola is one of the ideal choices to furnish an open space like the garden. Not only does it allow you to create shaded areas that blend in perfectly with your surroundings, but it also gives you the possibility to furnish the outdoors with products with a classic design that can decorate your garden in a natural way. An example is the leaning wooden pergola, suitable for creating a convivial environment usually with the help of garden tables and chairs, chosen to fill the space below. An interesting alternative is represented by the models of pergola in glued laminated wood, a composite material consisting essentially of natural wood of which it maintains the traditional qualities while being a new product, made on an industrial scale, which, through a technological process of pressure bonding, reduces the defects of solid wood. The proposals for pergolas made from wood products are not to be overlooked as well; they can produce good combinations with materials such as composite wood or WPC.
Iron pergolas for outdoor use: versatile and eco-sustainable
Among the most interesting proposals of pergolas and arbours are definitely the iron pergolas. As a matter of fact, an iron canopy allows you to make the of a covered or semi-covered space outside a house with a certain lightness. Simple or decorated, the iron garden pergola fits easily into a variety of contexts. In addition to being used as a roof, a wrought iron pergola - for example - can be used to build real extensions of the house to the outside, perhaps as a cover of a large terrace. Being a recyclable material, iron allows the creation of eco-sustainable, demountable and replaceable structures for outdoor use. An iron pergola with photovoltaic panels adds another element of eco-sustainability, linked to the possibility of obtaining electricity from solar energy.