Spotlights are a widely used solution for interior lighting because they can integrate perfectly into any context and adapt to any style, from classic to modern.
Each type of spotlight - or light spot - is designed to meet special lighting requirements. The structure can be made of different materials - plaster, metal, steel or heat-resistant material - able to withstand the heat of the lamp and the weight of the spotlight itself. The spotlight lighting, unlike the diffused one, allows to direct the light in precise points, enhancing every space and enhancing the furniture, details and particular objects, turning out to be a versatile, practical and modern design solution for a perfect play of light. For example, instead of the classic chandelier, a series of ceiling spotlights can create interesting lighting effects in the living area.
Recessed and wall-mounted spotlights, small spotlights illuminate the home
The spotlight is a discreet luminaire, often designed to blend into the room, recessed spotlights respond to this need by offering a wide range of variants. Many modern homes have a false ceiling that allows the spotlights to be easily accommodated, the installer will simply hide the spotlight structure and transformer above the ceiling and leave the free edge flush with the wall. Spotlight for false ceiling and wall will thus compose a unique body that will give the environment a touch of modernity. Many are the ideal plaster spotlights for flush-mounting: the spotlight holders made of plaster can be easily plastered and painted in continuity with the wall, thus remaining completely concealed in the plasterboard.
Halfway between recessed and not, are the semi-recessed spotlights, consisting of a structure hidden in the wall and an exposed projector, often adjustable and in some cases retractable, this is certainly the most versatile and aesthetically appealing type of installation.
You can also opt for a concealed installation in the wall if you have a plasterboard partition wall, but the solution that will light up a suggestive atmosphere can be achieved simply by turning the spotlight upwards, the beam of light will illuminate the room more gently and diffusely.
Do not underestimate a type of assembly that has been populating the market in recent times, these are lamps and spotlights wireless, in this case there are two components: one is a panel recessed in the wall or ceiling capable of transferring energy to the lighting body, the second element is the magnetic spotlight that will draw energy from the recessed support without the need for electrical wires. You have the freedom to move the spotlight and reposition it in the occupied area, the spotlight will literally move with us as needed.
How to position spotlights in the house to illuminate each room
When choosing lighting, the first question to ask is: what activities are carried out in the room I want to illuminate? If it is a study area we will need direct light on the worktop, the dining area will need more lighting, therefore a diffused light lamp will be more suitable. In the living area, on the other hand, small direct light spots can be added to a diffused light, highlighting top objects or furnishings. In passageways such as the entrance hall or corridor, small spotlights are perfect to position along the way. You can also benefit from direct light in the kitchen, for example by using spotlights that can be directed towards the stove or sink.
Having established that the direct light from the spotlights is just right for us, you will need to choose the type of spotlight that is perfect for your needs. Generally, if you are not very familiar with the furniture choices, we recommend the type of spotlight that provides the greatest degree of freedom, these are the adjustable spotlights, they, depending on the degrees of angle in which they can move are perfect if you want to move the arrangement of furniture from time to time, so we will also be able to adapt the beam to the new arrangement. On the market there are spotlights with inclination from a few degrees up to 360 ° swivel spotlights, on the market there are many combinations to choose from, just filter them according to your needs.
If the room to be lit needs more light, a single spotlight will not suffice. We therefore opt for multiple spotlights organized in series as the sum of single light spots or recessed into a single body. When the area to be illuminated is extended we can always opt for light spots but this time positioned on rails that allow them to slide, these are track spotlights or spotlights on cables.
LED or traditional light source spotlights?
The choice of interior lighting must be subject to precise rules related to the study of lighting technology but, unless you are advised by an expert, not everyone has the knowledge to make an informed choice. Usually the spotlights on sale have a number of technical data to guide you in your choice. The type of light source chosen creates a watershed, the best option in most cases falls on LED spotlights, able to combine the directionality and warmth typical of LED light, and adapt to different environments in the house, from the living room to the kitchen. To date, the choice of LED is the most advantageous from many points of view, from energy saving to durability, all the data make us prefer this solution over the classic halogen spotlights, the latter in fact last less, consume more energy and in daily use are less performing. Even fluorescent or incandescent spotlights lose comparison with LED spotlights in terms of switching performance and heat development: fluorescent lamps light up gradually from the moment they are switched on and stay warm for longer. After choosing the light source and making sure that the bulb socket is compatible we will evaluate the beam angle of the spotlight. Usually a small graph that shows us the width of the light cone of the spotlight is always present in the data sheets of the article. You will thus be certain that the object or portion of the room you want to illuminate falls into the beam, all you need to do is position the spotlight at the right distance. It will also be necessary to estimate the lumens and the amount of light needed to illuminate the room, in this calculation we take into account if the room is illuminated only by spotlights or if there are other light sources, we add the amount of light expressed by existing lamps to understand how many spotlights will be necessary to make the room perfectly lit. Finally, pay attention to the IP degree of protection of the spotlights, this abbreviation indicates the level of protection of the lamp in relation to external agents such as water, dust or solid objects. It is therefore advisable to ensure that the positioning of the light spot is consistent with the degree of protection of the product. For example, we will pay special attention to IP when choosing outdoor spotlights, which are usually exposed to dust and moisture.
Shapes and materials of the design spotlight
Born as small projectors used to illuminate museums or showcases, spotlights have made their way through the infinite variety of lamps on the market. Manufacturers are now competing to market modern spotlights, which have been awarded the highest awards for innovation and design. The possibility to play with shapes and materials makes punctual lighting an opportunity for designers to express their creativity, thus combining aesthetic taste and technology. Round spotlights are the most common form on the market, with a rectangular body in the case of several light spots or square spotlights ideal for integration into modern homes. The colours, like the shapes, make the spotlights a furnishing accessory, the most common choices are two: the classic ton sur ton, the spotlight chosen in the same shades as the rest of the house disappears on the wall or ceiling. On the contrary, contrasting colours, often black spotlights on white surfaces, make themselves the protagonists of the scene. There is no shortage of attention-grabbing variants, whether they are gold or bronze spotlights or with precious details such as Swarovski spotlights.
Let's not forget that spotlights are a functional element before an aesthetic component, the materials that make them up must respect certain characteristics of strength, lightness and workability.
Most spotlights on the market are made of metal or plaster, the latter being suitable for flush mounting, while the exemplary combination is the aluminium spotlight. Infinite possibilities of customization by choosing the finish that best suits your taste, metals are particularly suitable for painting, especially the steel spotlights, also in stainless steel versions that combine resistance and aesthetic taste.
Wall washer spotlights for decorating with light
Sometimes in a room that is already properly illuminated light is used to decorate, this is the case with wall washer spotlights, they provide a cascading beam of light that, as with grazing lighting, evenly floods the chosen surface. Usually this type of lighting is positioned in the direction of a wall made with a particular texture or when embellished with wallpaper, the wall thus illuminated by the wall washer comes to life. The installation of this type of lighting follows precise rules, the light beam must be as close as possible to the surface to be illuminated, choosing between floor or ceiling spotlights as long as they are no more than one metre from the wall. It will be easier so that the light radiates evenly.